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Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization


Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Specialist


Standard Allowable Hours


Standard Allowable Minutes

Sarbanes-Oxley Act (Sarbanes- Oxley)

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is designed to oversee the financial reporting landscape for finance professionals for all U.S. public company boards, management, and public accounting firms. Its purpose is to review legislative audit requirements and to protect investors by improving the accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures. The act covers issues such as establishing a public company accounting oversight board, auditor independence, corporate responsibility, and enhanced financial disclosure. It also significantly tightens accountability standards for directors and officers, auditors, securities analysts and legal counsel. The law is named after Senator Paul Sarbanes and Representative Michael G. Oxley.


Small Business


Small Business Administration


Small Business Set-Aside


Service Contract Act: The McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act requires contractors and subcontractors performing services on prime contracts in excess of $2,500 to pay service employees in various classes no less than the wage rates and fringe benefits found prevailing in the locality, or the rates (including prospective increases) contained in a predecessor contractor's collective bargaining agreement.


Small Disadvantaged Business


Supply Distribution Facility

Section 14(c)

Section 14(c) of the Fair Labor Standards Act. Allows for the payment of wages based on level of productivity for certain specified groups of individuals.

Section 504

Section 504 is a part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits discrimination based upon disability. Section 504 is an anti-discrimination, civil rights statute that requires the needs of students with disabilities to be met as adequately as the needs of the non-disabled are met.

Section 508

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended applies to all federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Under Section 508, agencies must give disabled employees and members of the public access to information comparable to the access available to others.


A SourceAmerica electronic, web-based application for costing service contracts.

Severe Disability

"A severe physical or mental impairment (residual limiting condition resulting from an injury, disease, or congenital defect) which so limits the person's functional capabilities (mobility, communication, self-care, self-direction, work tolerance, or work skills) that the individual is unable to engage in normal competitive employment over an extended period of time." Code of Federal Regulations, Section 51-1.3. The term "significant disability" was adopted by SourceAmerica in August 2010. In correspondence and policy, the term "significant disability" is synonymous with the term "severe disability" as defined in 41 U.S.C. 8501 and the applicable regulations.


Standard Form


Trade name for NIB AbilityOne products


Standard Operating Procedure


Statement of Work: A document that enables offeror's to clearly understand the government's needs for the work to be done in developing or producing the goods or services to be delivered by a contractor; also see PWS.


Standard Price Change



Special Minimum Wage

Federally mandated wage authorized under a certificate issued to an employer and is less than the statutory minimum wage.

Specification-Based Products Contracting (SBPC)

Specification-Based Products Contracting is the same as PBSC (performance-based services contracting), but for products. A government model for developing products contracts which emphasizes that all aspects of an acquisition be structured around the purpose of the work to be performed to meet the government's performance objectives and achieve the appropriate performance quality levels.


Service Pricing Form


Social Security Administration


Social Security Disability Income


Supplemental Security Insurance


Refers to all groups that are or might be affected by an organization's actions and success. Examples of key AbilityOne stakeholders include: federal customers, AbilityOne employees, NPA partners, the U.S. AbilityOne Commission, and the CNAs (NIB and SourceAmerica).


State-level procurement programs similar to AbilityOne.


Any acquisition from another source of materials, including raw materials, or services required by the nonprofit agency(ies) to provide a Procurement List product or service allocated under the AbilityOne Program. (41 CFR 51-4.4) Subcontracting under the AbilityOne Program is subject to U.S. AbilityOne Commission Operations Memorandum Number 21.

Supported Employment

(i) Supported employment means competitive integrated employment, including customized employment, or employment in an integrated work setting in which an individual with a most significant disability, including a youth with a most significant disability, is working on a short-term basis toward competitive integrated employment that is individualized, and customized, consistent with the unique strengths, abilities, interests, and informed choice of the individual, including with ongoing support services for individuals with the most significant disabilities.
(A) For whom competitive integrated employment has not historically occurred, or for whom competitive integrated employment has been interrupted or intermittent as a result of a significant disability; and
(B) Who, because of the nature and severity of their disabilities, need intensive supported employment services and extended services after the transition from support provided by the designated State unit, in order to perform this work. (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA, 2014) Section 7(38) of the Act and §363.1(b) of the regulations.

Supported Employment Services

Supported employment services means ongoing support services, including customized employment, and other appropriate services needed to support and maintain an individual with a most significant disability, including a youth with a most significant disability, in supported employment that are:
(iii) Organized and made available, singly or in combination, in such a way as to assist an eligible individual to achieve competitive integrated employment;
(iv) Based on a determination of the needs of an eligible individual, as specified in an individualized plan for employment;
(v) Provided by the designated State unit for a period of time not to exceed 24 months, unless under special circumstances the eligible individual and the rehabilitation counselor jointly agree to extend the time to achieve the employment outcome identified in the individualized plan for employment; and
(vi) Following transition, as post-employment services that are unavailable from an extended services provider and that are necessary to maintain or regain the job placement or advance in employment. (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA, 2014) Section 7(38) of the Act and §363.1(b) of the regulations.


State Use Programs Association, Inc.: Association that represents NPAs involved in the State-Use Program.

Surge Protection

Exemption from meeting the AbilityOne Program's 75 percent direct labor requirement in order to meet a contractual surge requirement. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.401-02)

Surge Requirement

Notification of the necessity to meet rapidly changing military or civilian delivery requirements above those stated in the contract. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.401-02)